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Botanical Terminology Tutorial
Leaf Arrangement
Leaf Shape
Leaf Margin
Leaf Apex
Leaf Base
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Alphabetical w/ Definitions

  1. Falcate
    Hooked like a sickle or beak of a falcon.

  2. Fascicle
    A bundle or enclosure surrounding multiple parts (some evergreen needles, e.g. pines, are in a fascicle).

  3. Fasciculate
    Multiple leaves appearing bundled in a fascicle (such as on a pine).

  4. Fastigiate
    Branches erect and grown parallel, giving a broom-like appearance.

  5. Fetid
    Foul-smelling, rancid.

  6. Fibrous Roots
    Roots that are well branched, more thread-like, and scattered with no central leader (See also Taproot).

  7. Filament
    The stalk of the stamen that holds the anther on a male flower.

  8. Flabellate
    Fan-like, fan-shaped.

  9. Flower
    Reproductive part of plant consisting of one or more of the following: stamens, pistils, sepals or petals.

  10. Foliage
    All of the leaves of a plant.

  11. Foliose
    Leaf or leaf-like; small unfurled leaves without a bud scale.

  12. Fringed
    Decorative or stringy hairs along margin; can be seed, buds, leaves, etc (See also Tufted).

  13. Funnelform
    Funnel shaped; increasing in size from the base to the apex.

Tutorial Terms

Leaf Apex

Leaf Arrangement

Leaf Base

Leaf Margin

Leaf Shape



2005 Gary J. Kling, Laura L. Hayden, and Joshua J. Potts University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
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Notes about this tutorial.