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 Botanical Terminology Tutorial
Leaf Arrangement
Leaf Shape
Leaf Margin
Leaf Apex
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  1. Careers with Plants Guide

  2. Outdoor Careers for Students

  3. Resources for Students with Green Degrees

  4. Getting Involved in Environmental Law


Online Quizzes

  1. UIPlants Online Quiz and Tutorial

  2. The World Book: The Seasons

  3. The Science Room Botany Class: Howe High School, Howe, OK
    Science Facilitator: Jim Askew,
    Howe Public Schools.

  4. Purves, W. K., Sadava, D., Orians, G. H., Heller, Craig. 2003. Life, The Science of
    Biology, Sixth Edition. Sinauer Associates, Inc. and W. H. Freeman and Company.


Definitions and Line Art

  1. Leaf Morphology: On-line Quiz

  2. American Museum of Natural History: Biodiversity Counts
    More about the project > Resources > Plant Morphology (halfway down page)

  3. The Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources: Bureau of Forestry

  4. Definitions and Line Drawings of Botanical Terminology


Line Art and Type Only

  1. Botany 201 Taxonomy of Flowering Plants Lecture Notes

  2. Vegetative Morphology of Gree Plants


Definitions and Photos

  1. Botany 105 at Humbolt University

  2. Wah Yan Path Online: Leaf Morphology

  3. The Forestry OutReach Site (FORSite)

  4. Lab 2: Vegetative Characters (Last updated Jan. 8, 2003 by M. Reed)


Definitions Only

  1. California Plant Names, Word Meanings and Name Derivations By Michael L. Charters

  2. Frost’s Glossary of Botanical Terminology

  3. The Orchid Lady’s Botanical Glossary

  4. Laboratory of Palaeobotany and Palynology: Glossary of Leaf Morphological Features

  5. Illinois' Best Plants Glossary


Identification Program (Dichotomous Keys)

  1. What Tree Is It?

  2. BIOL 348, Plant Taxonomy by Dr. Lawrence A. Alice


Comprehensive Tree Identification Sites with Glossaries

  1. Plant Facts at OSU

  2. UIPlants
    Kling, Gary J. 2002. UIPlants. University of Illinois, August 2003.

  3. UConn Plant Database8/21/2003 10:19 AM

  4. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service: PLANTS Database

    (Official Citation)
    USDA, NRCS. 2002. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.5 ( National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.



  1. Connecticut Botanical Society: Twig and Leaf Phyllotaxy

  2. Kew Record of Taxonomic Literature
    'Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (2000). Kew Record of Taxonomic Literature.

    (Official Citation)
    Published on the Internet;
    [accessed 18 August 1999; 14:30 GMT]*.


Educational Horticulture Sites

  1. Domtar Inc., in cooperation with the Commission scolaire de la Seigneurie-des-Mille-Îles, le Fonds de l'autoroute de l'information (FAI) and the ministère de l'Éducation du Québec

  2. Brooklyn Botanic Garden

  3. Calpoly's SelecTree for California

  4. Connecticut Botanical Society

  5. Chicago Botanic Garden

  6. Gymnosperm Database

  7. NC State University- Plant Fact Sheets w/ image

  8. NeoPlants

  9. Noble Foundation Tree, Shrub and Vine images

  10. Ohio State Plant Dictionary

  11. Ohio State University Interactive Plant List

  12. Oregon State University Landscape Plants

  13. Ornamental Plants plus Version 3.0

  14. Plants For A Future - Species Database

  15. Plants to Grow

  16. Perry's Perennial Pages

  17. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

  18. Texas A & M University Picture Pages

  19. TLAN - Taxonomy of Landscape Plants

  20. TreeGuide

  21. University of Alabama in Huntsville

  22. University of Delaware Botanic Garden

  23. University of Florida Tree Fact Sheets

  24. University of Illinois Woody Plants

  25. USDA National Plant Database Brooklyn Botanic Garden



2005 Gary J. Kling and Laura L. Hayden, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
External sites are not endorsed by the University of Illinois.

Notes about this tutorial.